Massaranduba  Manilkara SPD also known as Balata. Bolletrie & Maparaluba. Description: Grown in South America, Central America and the West Indies it can reach a height of 40 to 45 metres with a diameter of 0.8 to 1.5 metres. Regular supplies are available in Square Edged form but the specification can be somewhat limited. In many ways its properties and uses are similar to Greenheart and Ekki. It has dark red brown slightly purplish heartwood, which turns to dark reddish brown on exposure with a distinct pale pink brown sapwood. It is straight grained and has a fine texture. Massaranduba is an extremely strong and durable timber. It is used in heavy construction and marine work also ideal for flooring and decking. Due to the timbers straight grain and fine texture it is possible to produce a fine finish which has allowed it to be also used for tool handles and furniture components. Nett weight (kg/m3) - 1050. Durability - Good resistance to termites and decay durable to very durable. Working Qualities - Despite its hardness it machines and finishes to a very smooth surface. Also polishes well. Nailing and screwing - Requires pre-boring.  Treatment - Like most very dense timbers it is difficult to impregnate with liquids. This also applies to gluing were care should be taken, due to the timbers resistance to absorption of moisture. Strength - Very strong and similar to Ekki and Green heart. - Dutch strength Class D 60. Certification - Can be supplied with FSC Certification.
Cumaru (Dipterrix adarata) Also known as Tonka wood & Cayenne Description: Grown in Brazil, Surinam, Guyana and other parts of South America the tree has a clear, straight trunk that grows to 30 to 50 metres in height with a diameter up to 1.20 metres, Its qualities are comparable to Green hart and Ekki and although regular supplies are available in Square Edged form section, sizes are often limited for prompt requirements. The timber is attractive looking with heartwood that is brown yellow to reddish brown with dark veins. The sapwood is a distinct yellowish white. It has a medium texture with sometimes a strong interlocked grain.   Cumaru is extremely durable and very strong which with its stability makes it a very suitable timber for a range of outdoor applications such as marine and heavy construction, flooring, decking and cladding. The timber is Durability Class 1 - Very durable, which gives it a very good resistance to decay and termites. Nett Weight (kg/m3) - 1060-1200 Working Qualities - a good finish can be achieved but the interlocked grain can present some problems at times. Nailing and screwing - requires pre-boring  Treatment - difficult to impregnate is not regarded as a timber that requires treatment. Strength - very strong similar to Ekki and Green heart. Dutch Strength Class D 60 Certification - can be supplied with FSC Certification.
Opepe  (Nauclea diderrichii) Also Known as Badi. Bilinga & Kussia Description: Opepe grows widely in West Africa a and is a very large tree reaching some 50 metres in height with a clean straight cylindrical bole of 25 to 30 metres above a small buttress, diameters of over 1 metre are quite common. The sapwood is whitish to pale yellow or reddish but the heartwood is a rich golden yellow, which darkens on exposure to a deep gold or orange. The texture is course and the grain frequently interlocked, producing a striped figure. It is lustrous, very hard and moderately heavy. It is an exceptionally strong timber, very durable and very resistant to decay and good resistance to marine borers. Opepe is particularly suitable for exterior heavy construction purposes such as harbour work, piles and jetty decking. It is a good flooring timber and is used for both exterior and interior joinery. Nett weight (kg/m3)-900-1150  Durability - Very resistant to decay and marine borers. Class 1 very durable.  Working Qualities - works quite well and in spite of its hardness it does not have a serious dulling effect on tools and can be worked to an excellent finish.  Nailing and screwing - has a tendency to split, requires pre boring. Treatment - Like Ekki it is a difficult timber to impregnate with liquids. Not regarded as a timber that requires treatment. Strength - suitable for grading to HS- Strength Class D50.Certification.
Ekki  (Lophira alata) Also known as Azobe, Bongossi and Red Ironwood Ekki is native to tropical West Africa with large quantities being exported from Gabon and Cameroon. Description: The sapwood is pale pink and sharply defined from the heartwood, which is red brown to dark brown containing small white deposits in the pores. The grain is usually interlocked producing a course texture. The timber has a high breaking strength and can withstand tremendous pressures. Due to ifs great strength and durability Ekki is ideally suited for use in marine constructions exposed to wind and weather i.e. Lock Gates, Fenders, Piers, Bridges, Railway Sleepers and Bridge Decks,It has a high electrical resistance and is perhaps the most acid resistant commercial timber available. The tree can grow to a height of 40 - 50 metres with b maximum diameter of 1.8 -2.0 metres. The trunks are usually free of branches up to 25 - 30 metres, which makes it an ideal timber for producing long lengths of large sections, Nett weight (kg/m3)-1100-1300   Durability - very resistant to decay and marine borers. Class 1 Very durable. Working Qualities - difficult with hand tools but takes a good machine finish. Nailing and screwing - drilling beforehand is necessary. Treatment - a very dense timber and extremely difficult to impregnate with liquids, not regarded as a timber that requires treatment. Strength - suitable for grading to HS - Strength Class D60. Certification.
Ipi (Tabebuia serratifolia) Also known as Iron wood, Yellow Poui, Wassiba and Groenhart. Ipe is found in the Caribbean region, South America, Guyana and Brazil. Description: The heartwood is yellowish green when initially cut but turns to a light to dark olive brown with light and dark streaks. Pores in the heartwood which appear as small yellow dots are filled with a yellowish powder and appear on the longitudinal surfaces as yellow lines. This powder has the appearance of sulphur but turns deep red in alkaline solutions. It has a distinct greyish white band of sapwood. This group of timbers are known for their great strength,durability and high resistance to insects and decay, this makes them ideal for marine work, bridges and decking. It is with this latter item that Ipe has been used in considerable quantities and current imports are showing a large proportion of sizes are being shipped mainly for decking demand. Nett Weight. (kg/m3) 960 - 1200.   Durability: very durable. Working Qualities: Ipe is moderately difficult to work with hand tools and has a blunting effect on cutting edges. Care should be taken with sawing as fine dust packs between the saw blade and the cut surface, this can be somewhat overcome by using a fairly wide tooth pitched saw blade. Machining again needs care in order to achieve a good finish but a cutting angle of at least 15 degrees is recommended to eliminate chipping of quarter sawn stock. Due to the hardness of the timber pre-boring is required before screwing or nailing to prevent splitting and bending of nails. Ipe stains and polishes well. Strength: very hard, tough and strong and compares favourably with Green heart and Ekki. Sustainability: available with FSC Certification. 
Massaranduba  Manilkara SPD also known as Balata. Bolletrie & Maparaluba. Description: Grown in South America, Central America and the West Indies it can reach a height of 40 to 45 metres with a diameter of 0.8 to 1.5 metres. Regular supplies are available in Square Edged form but the specification can be somewhat limited. In many ways its properties and uses are similar to Greenheart and Ekki. It has dark red brown slightly purplish heartwood, which turns to dark reddish brown on exposure with a distinct pale pink brown sapwood. It is straight grained and has a fine texture. Massaranduba is an extremely strong and durable timber. It is used in heavy construction and marine work also ideal for flooring and decking. Due to the timbers straight grain and fine texture it is possible to produce a fine finish which has allowed it to be also used for tool handles and furniture components. Nett weight (kg/m3) - 1050. Durability - Good resistance to termites and decay durable to very durable. Working Qualities - Despite its hardness it machines and finishes to a very smooth surface. Also polishes well. Nailing and screwing - Requires pre-boring.  Treatment - Like most very dense timbers it is difficult to impregnate with liquids. This also applies to gluing were care should be taken, due to the timbers resistance to absorption of moisture. Strength - Very strong and similar to Ekki and Green heart. - Dutch strength Class D 60. Certification - Can be supplied with FSC Certification.
Cumaru (Dipterrix adarata) Also known as Tonka wood & Cayenne Description: Grown in Brazil, Surinam, Guyana and other parts of South America the tree has a clear, straight trunk that grows to 30 to 50 metres in height with a diameter up to 1.20 metres, Its qualities are comparable to Green hart and Ekki and although regular supplies are available in Square Edged form section, sizes are often limited for prompt requirements. The timber is attractive looking with heartwood that is brown yellow to reddish brown with dark veins. The sapwood is a distinct yellowish white. It has a medium texture with sometimes a strong interlocked grain.   Cumaru is extremely durable and very strong which with its stability makes it a very suitable timber for a range of outdoor applications such as marine and heavy construction, flooring, decking and cladding. The timber is Durability Class 1 - Very durable, which gives it a very good resistance to decay and termites. Nett Weight (kg/m3) - 1060-1200 Working Qualities - a good finish can be achieved but the interlocked grain can present some problems at times. Nailing and screwing - requires pre-boring Treatment - difficult to impregnate is not regarded as a timber that requires treatment.  Strength - very strong similar to Ekki and Green heart. Dutch Strength Class D 60  Certification - can be supplied with FSC Certification.
Opepe  (Nauclea diderrichii) Also Known as Badi. Bilinga & Kussia Description: Opepe grows widely in West Africa a and is a very large tree reaching some 50 metres in height with a clean straight cylindrical bole of 25 to 30 metres above a small buttress, diameters of over 1 metre are quite common. The sapwood is whitish to pale yellow or reddish but the heartwood is a rich golden yellow, which darkens on exposure to a deep gold or orange. The texture is course and the grain frequently interlocked, producing a striped figure. It is lustrous, very hard and moderately heavy. It is an exceptionally strong timber, very durable and very resistant to decay and good resistance to marine borers. Opepe is particularly suitable for exterior heavy construction purposes such as harbour work, piles and jetty decking. It is a good flooring timber and is used for both exterior and interior joinery. Nett weight (kg/m3)-900-1150  Durability - Very resistant to decay and marine borers. Class 1 very durable.  Working Qualities - works quite well and in spite of its hardness it does not have a serious dulling effect on tools and can be worked to an excellent finish. Nailing and screwing - has a tendency to split, requires pre boring. Treatment - Like Ekki it is a difficult timber to impregnate with liquids. Not regarded as a timber that requires treatment. Strength - suitable for grading to HS- Strength Class D50.Certification.
Ekki  (Lophira alata) Also known as Azobe, Bongossi and Red Ironwood Ekki is native to tropical West Africa with large quantities being exported from Gabon and Cameroon. Description: The sapwood is pale pink and sharply defined from the heartwood, which is red brown to dark brown containing small white deposits in the pores. The grain is usually interlocked producing a course texture. The timber has a high breaking strength and can withstand tremendous pressures. Due to ifs great strength and durability Ekki is ideally suited for use in marine constructions exposed to wind and weather i.e. Lock Gates, Fenders, Piers, Bridges, Railway Sleepers and Bridge Decks,It has a high electrical resistance and is perhaps the most acid resistant commercial timber available. The tree can grow to a height of 40 - 50 metres with b maximum diameter of 1.8 -2.0 metres. The trunks are usually free of branches up to 25 - 30 metres, which makes it an ideal timber for producing long lengths of large sections, Nett weight (kg/m3)- 1100-1300   Durability - very resistant to decay and marine borers. Class 1 Very durable. Working Qualities - difficult with hand tools but takes a good machine finish. Nailing and screwing - drilling beforehand is necessary. Treatment - a very dense timber and extremely difficult to impregnate with liquids, not regarded as a timber that requires treatment. Strength - suitable for grading to HS - Strength Class D60. Certification.
Ipi (Tabebuia serratifolia) Also known as Iron wood, Yellow Poui, Wassiba and Groenhart. Ipe is found in the Caribbean region, South America, Guyana and Brazil. Description: The heartwood is yellowish green when initially cut but turns to a light to dark olive brown with light and dark streaks. Pores in the heartwood which appear as small yellow dots are filled with a yellowish powder and appear on the longitudinal surfaces as yellow lines. This powder has the appearance of sulphur but turns deep red in alkaline solutions. It has a distinct greyish white band of sapwood. This group of timbers are known for their great strength,durability and high resistance to insects and decay, this makes them ideal for marine work, bridges and decking. It is with this latter item that Ipe has been used in considerable quantities and current imports are showing a large proportion of sizes are being shipped mainly for decking demand. Nett Weight. (kg/m3) 960 - 1200.   Durability: very durable. Working Qualities: Ipe is moderately difficult to work with hand tools and has a blunting effect on cutting edges. Care should be taken with sawing as fine dust packs between the saw blade and the cut surface, this can be somewhat overcome by using a fairly wide tooth pitched saw blade. Machining again needs care in order to achieve a good finish but a cutting angle of at least 15 degrees is recommended to eliminate chipping of quarter sawn stock. Due to the hardness of the timber pre-boring is required before screwing or nailing to prevent splitting and bending of nails. Ipe stains and polishes well. Strength: very hard, tough and strong and compares favourably with Green heart and Ekki. Sustainability: available with FSC Certification. 
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t/f: 01507 527157
t/f: 01507 527157